UC Master Gardeners of San Mateo & San Francisco
University of California
UC Master Gardeners of San Mateo & San Francisco

Pollinator Plant List

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Pollinator Plants
Genus Species Common Name Height Width Sun Exposure Annual/ Perennial/ Biennial Water Pollinator Bloom
Achillea Millefolium 'Paprika' Paprika Yarrow 1-2' 2-3' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Red/Orange
  Paprika yarrow is an evergreen perennial with brilliant burnt-orange flowers from spring to fall. It forms a spreading mat of fern-like, mid-green leaves to 3 feet wide. It's tiny flowers provide nectar and pollen for beneficials.
Achillea_Paprika
 
Ascelepias fascicularis California Narrow-leaf Milkweed 3' 1-2' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant White
  California's narrow-leaved Milkweed has narrow leaves and is a California native. It has large, narrow, five inch leaves and a five inch flower cluster. In cool, coastal California climates, the plant is covered with monarch caterpillars during the summer. Milkweeds need sun and can be quite drought tolerant. Mulch well, water a lot the first month, and ignore. Asclepias fascicularis can tolerate coastal clays.
milkweed_asclepias_fascicularis
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed 4-6' 3-4' Full Sun to Partial Shade Perennial Moderate Pink/Purple
  Milkweed is an American genus of herbaceous perennial, dicotyledonous plants that contains over 140 known species. Asclepias species produce some of the most complex flowers in the plant kingdom, comparable to orchids in complexity. American milkweeds are an important nectar source for native bees, wasps, and other nectar-seeking insects, though non-native honey bees commonly get trapped in the stigmatic slits and die,[5][7] and a larval food source for monarch butterflies and their relatives, as well as a variety of other herbivorous insects (including numerous beetles, moths, and true bugs) specialized to feed on the plants despite their chemical defenses.
milkweed
 
Buddlia x hybrid 'Podaras #8 Blue Heaven' Butterfly Bush 2-3' 2-3' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Purple
  The butterfly bush is a wonderful shrub with large, fragrant, colorful flowers that attract a flutter of butterflies into your summer garden. Butterfly Bushes are extremely easy to grow and any novice gardener will have success with this genus. Plus they are the absolute best butterfly attracting plant you can grow. Buddleia should be planted near a window, along a path, or close to a patio or porch where you can appreciate the scent the wonderfully fragrant blossoms during the summer months.  
butterfly_bush
Calamagrostis foliosa Mendecino Red Grass 1-2' 1-2' Sun or Shade Perennial Drought Tolerant Wheat
  This is a California native bunchgrass that orginated in the northern California coast. It grows to 1 foot tall by nearly 2 feet wide with arching blue-green foliage that often has purple highlights. In mid spring through early summer, attractive short arching silvery- purple heads of flowers that age to a golden wheat color appear. Plant along the coast in full sun or light shade inland in a well-drained soil.  
calamagrostis_foliosa_grass
Ceanothus griseus horizontalis 'Diamond Heights' Diamond Heights Carmel Creeper California Lilac 1' 4-6' Light shade to sun Perennial Moderate Yellow
  Diamond Heights ceanothus is a low-spreading, native, drought-tolerant, evergreen shrub. It has light blue flowers in spring, and its variegated foliage may burn in hot sun, but it will have more flowers in a sunnier spot. Its flowers attract many beneficials.  
Ceantothus_Diamond_Heights
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark' Blue Mountain Lilac 3' 3' Full sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Purple/Blue
  Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Skylark' form of Ceanothus is a California native lilac cultivar that possesses much darker leaves than any other individuals of this species that we have observed. Blue blossom is a medium-mounding native, drought-tolerant evergreen shrub with dark blue flowers in late spring to summer. Its tiny flowers are constantly buzzing with native bees and other beneficials.  
ceanothus-skylark
Celosia plumosa 'Glorious' Woolflowers or Cockscombs 12" 10" Sun to Part Shade Annual Drought Tolerant Red, Yellow, Pink
  Long-lasting arrow-shaped plumes add unmatched texture and an exotic flair to the landscape—simply stated: they’re striking. Our new Glorious series is a dwarf celosia, compact and nicely branched with larger, bushy flowers and vibrant green foliage. Both the plants and the flower plumes are notably uniform, so you can depend on this series for reliable performance all summer long. Plumes reach up to 10-inches on plants that grow only about a foot tall. Although they’re drought tolerant, they do need water but no deadheading is required.  
celosia_plumosa
Cosmos bipinnatus Mexican aster or Garden Cosmos 1-4' 2-3' Full sun Annual Average Red, Pink, or White
  Cosmos is a long-blooming annual.  Its flowers and foliage provide nectar, pollen, and habitat for native seat bees, leafcutting bees, summere long-horned bees, tachinid flies, parasitic wasps, lacewings, syrphid flies, predatory true bugs, spiders, lady beeltles, and other beneficials.
cosmos
 
Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sonata' Cosmos Sonata Series 3-5' 1-2' Sun to Part Shade Annual Average Pink, White, Crimson
  A very popular flower, cosmos looks wonderful in the garden or meadow in midsummer and blooms continuously until frost. Whether planting an acre with wildflowers, or adding color to your small space garden, cosmos is the perfect choice. With long-lasting blooms, you’ll have flowers to cut summer tables. Cosmos attracts butterflies and hummingbirds to the garden.
cosmos_bipinnatus
 
Daucus carota Queen Anne's Lace Wild Carrot 1-2' 2-3' Full Sun Biennial or Annual Drought Tolerant White
  This beneficial weed can be used as a companion plant to crops. Like most members of the umbellifer family, it attracts wasps to its small flowers in its native land; however, where it has been introduced, it attracts very few wasps. This species is also documented to boost tomato plant production when kept nearby, and it can provide a microclimate of cooler, moister air for lettuce when planted with it.
queen_annes_lace
 
Delphinium elatum Candle Larkspur or Alpine Delphinium 3-5' 2-3' Full Sun Perennial Moderate Blue
  Growing up to 8 feet tall, Elatum Group Delphiniums bear dense, erect spikes of blooms in shades of violet, blue, pink and/or white. They are very showy, but short-lived, and require considerable effort for best results. They almost always requires staking, and it is necessary to protect from strong winds.The plant benefits from fertilizer and/or compost in spring and summer.  
delphinium
Digitalis purpurea 'Excelsior' Foxglove 4-5' 1-2' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial or Biennial Average Yellow, Pink, Lilac, White, Mixed
  Foxglove is described as “stately” when in bloom, Foxgloves produce large spires of large, dangling bells. Plants form a low rosette of coarse, hairy leaves in the first year, bursting into flower the second spring, then setting seed and usually dying. Foxglove perform best in a rich, moist soil. Allow plants to form seed, and they will often self-sow to produce future generations. New plants that form can be easily moved in their first season, while still small. At flowering time, plants may need to be staked. The plant is toxic if ingested.  
foxglove_purpurea
Digitalis purpurea 'Camelot Rose' Foxglove 3-4' 1-2' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial or Biennial Average Pink
  This variety of Foxglove, bears tall spikes of glowing rose-pink bells, and they are spotted inside with maroon purple. Unlike other types, ‘Camelot’ Foxgloves flower in both the first and second year before eventually setting seed and dying. Deadhead first-year blooms to encourage overwintering. These perform best in a rich, moist soil. Allow plants to form seed in the second year and they may self-sow to produce future generations.  
foxglove_camelotrose
Digitalis purpurea Common Foxglove 2-5' 1-2' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial or Biennial Average Purple, Pink, Rose, Yellow, or White
  Digitalis purpurea is a biennial or short-lived perennial plant. The leaves are spirally arranged, long, and broad covered with gray-white glandular hairs, with a woolly texture. The foliage forms a tight rosette at ground level in the first year. The flowering stem develops in the second year. The inside surface of the flower tube is heavily spotted. The flowering period is early summer, sometimes with additional flower stems developing later in the season.  
foxglove_common
Epilobium canum 'Catalina' Santa Catalina Island California Fuchsia 3-4' 4-5' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Orange Red
  Soft long gray-green foliage lightly clothe this densely branching subshrub. The red-tinted branches reach 3 to 4 feet tall or more and becomes woody at the base. Bright orange-red flowers have four deeply bi-lobed petals which bloom in the summer and fall. When the plant is established after the first year, trim back or shear plants in mid-winter for a neater appearance the following season.
epiloboiumcatalina
 
Eriogonum grande rubenscens Rosy Buckwheat 1' 2-3' Full sun; dappled shade Perennial Drought Tolerant Red/Pink
  Rosy buckwheat originates from the Channel Islands off the coast of California, and has red or pink flowers that bloom from June-October. Deer like to browse (rip from the ground and walk on), and this rare plant prefers clay soil. The buckwheats are very important butterfly plants and one of the pillars of their plant communities. The flowers, leaves and seeds are all used by many of the smaller mammals, and a good number of birds such as finches, juncos, larks, sparrows, towhees, quail, and grouse.
Eriogonum_grande_rubescens
 
Eriogonum fasciculatum 'Warriner Lytle' Califiornia Buckwheat 1-2' 4-5' Full sun Perennial Drought Tolerant White/Pink/Rust
  California buckwheat grows quickly into a low and spreading evergreen mat clothed with small, needle-like leaves. From late spring to early fall, tight clusters of creamy-whitish pink flowers appear which are very attractive to bees and butterflies. As the flowers go to seed they gradually turn dark russet and are attractive to seed eating birds and mammals. The plant is excellent for dry slopes where it will grow in full sun to light shade with good drainage. It is deer resistant.  
Eriogonum_WarrinerLytle
Eriophyllum lantanum 'Siskiyou' Siskiyou Woolly Sunflower 1' 2-3' Sun; part shade Perennial Moderate Yellow
  A California native living from the immediate coast to the high mountains of California and into Oregon. Lush gray-green woolly foliage forms low mats. Blooms over a long period, spring into fall with cheery 2 inch golden-yellow daisies. It requires drainage and moderate to infrequent summer water once established. The open-faced daisies are an excellent sources of pollen and nectar and make good platforms for insects to perch, attracting butterflies, bees and other insects.
eriophyllum_lanatum
 
Eschscholzia californica 'Alba' White California Poppy 6-12" 9-12" Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Creamy White
  Vanilla white blooms are borne in profusion spring through summer on this long-blooming California poppy. Their color is an addition to all the other colors in the garden. Deadhead the poppies for an extra long bloom. They are self-sowing. They grow well in all soil types.  
poppy_white_ca
Eschscholzia californica 'Chiffon' Pink California Poppy 6-18" 6-12" Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Pink
  California poppies' foliage is ferny, like carrot tops. This cultivar has soft rose-colored, double blooms with yellow centers. They have full rosey flowers and attractive silvery-blue foliage. The species is native to Oregon and the California coast. Grow in full sun in poor, well-drained soil. Propagate by sowing seeds in succession for a continuous display. Sow seed in spring or early autumn.
poppy_pink_ca
 
Gaura lindheimeri 'Kleau 04263' Belleza Rose Beeblossom 2-4' 2--3' Full Sun to Part Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant White/Pink/Red
  A beautiful plant with tall, airy-looking flowers that look like butterflies floating in the garden breeze. Texture is added to the garden with its 4-petaled, pink tinged or white flowers sitting on top of airy stems. Only a few flowers open at a time, but they bloom in sufficient numbers to greate a graceful display for weeks. It attrace butterflies and hummingbirds.  
beeblossom
Gilia capitata Blue Thimble Flower 1-3' 1' Full Sun Annual Drought Tolerant Blue
  Gilia capitata is a species of flowering plant in the phlox family known by the common names blue-thimble-flower, bluehead gilia, blue field gilia, and globe gilia. Gilia Capitata is native to much of California, forming a bushy multi-branching with dense, ferny, almost lacy, rich green foliage. Throughout spring and early summer, it bears scented, violet blue rounded flowers. The Gilia flower looks a bit like a pincushion with pins sticking in it.
giliacapitata
 
Helianthus annuus Common Sunflower 6'
6-8'
8-10' (Depending on the variety)
9-12" Full Sun Annual Moderate Bright Yellow
  Several ornamental cultivars of Helianthus annuus have red-colored ray florets; all of them stem from a single original mutant.[9] During growth, sunflowers tilt during the day to face the sun, but stop once they begin blooming. This tracking of the sun in young sunflower heads is called heliotropism. By the time they are mature, sunflowers generally face east. They are used as food plants by the larvae of many lepidopterans.  
sunflower
Heuchera x 'Blondie in Lime' Coral Bells 5-9" 8" Part Shade to Full Shade Perennial Moderate/Low Lime Green
  The plant features lime green foliage, and reaches heights of only 9 inches tall and 8 inches wide. Tiny spikes reach 10 inches tall holding lime green little bell flowers. 'Blondie in Lime' is a long blooming perennial that flowers from May-October. It attract hummingbirds and butterflies.  
coral_bells
Lavandula augustfolia Lavender Hidcote 1-2' 1-2' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Violet Blue
  Great compact form with showy deep purple flowers and a light purplish­ pink top bract. his lavender is noted for its silvery-grey leaves and rich violet-blue flowers. It is a slow grower to 12 to 18 inches tall and as wide. Flowers keep their rich color when dried. It is one of the most popular of the lavenders.
lavender_hidcote
 
Mimulus bifidus Monkey Flower 2-3' 2-3' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Yellow, orange, burnt sienna
  Bush monkeyflower, a California native, is a highly desirable and surprisingly versatile native shrub. Justifiably popular for their exuberant display of 1 to 2-inch wide blossoms, they jazz up mixed borders, rock gardens, and containers, combining beautifully with a host of plants that thrive in California's mediterranean climate.  
monkey_flower_yellow
Osteospernum Cape Daisy 'Pink Swirl' African Daisy 18-24" 12-15" Full Sun to Part Shade Annual Tender Perennial Moderate Pink/Rose/Mauve
  Osteospermum is native to Africa (African Daisies). Growing African daisies requires conditions similar to those found in Africa. It likes heat and full sun. It needs well-drained soil and will tolerate dry soils. Osteospermum is an annual and, like most annuals, it enjoys extra fertilizer.  
osteospermum_pink
Osteospernum ecklonis 'Blue Eyed Beauty' African Daisy or Cape Daisy 6-18"   Full Sun to Part Shade Annual or Tender Perennial Moderate Blue
  This unique bi-color African daisy adds a long season of bright color with sunny yellow petals framing beautiful blue eyes. Compact, mounding form is perfect in patio containers and mass color plantings, or mixed perennial borders. It is evergreen in frost-free areas.
osteospermum_blueeyed
 
Petchoa x 'Terracotta' Petunia Terracotta Superecal Petunia 6-12" 18-24" Full Sun Annual Average Coral, Apricot, Orange
  The Supercal petunia provides good garden performance under all kinds of weather from unexpected late frosts, to rainy-wet cycles and even through the high heat of summer. SuperCal varieties fall under two habitsu--upright and trailing. It is know for its large bibrant flowers and superior outdoor performance.
petunia_terracotta
 
Petunia x hybrida 'Burgundy Madness' Floribunda Petunia 10-15" 10-12" Full Sun to Part Sun Annual or Tender Perennial Average Burgundy, Plum
  Petunia ‘Madness Burgundy’ flowers are single, medium to large-sized, and heat tolerant. The blooms are a warm red-purple with darker veins and throat. The petunia is a multiflora type. It has a compact mounding to spreading form, branches freely, and it holds its shape. Madness petunias are good for beds, hanging baskets, window boxes and tubs, and are as easy to grow as they are pretty. They require full sun and grow best in fertile soil with good drainage. Petunias are a good choice for fall and winter planting in warm, frost-free zones.  
petunia_burgundymadness
Phacelia bolanderi Blue-Flowered Grape Leaf 6" 3' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate Blue
  Phacelia bolanderi has 1 inch blue flowers in clusters. The leaves are 3" across and grape-like. The, flowers last longer if watered and the plant looks fuller, but it can survive for years with little care.The mother plant dies back from time to time, but new shoots come back to replace it.  
blueflowered_grape_leaf
Salvia x 'Bright Eyes' Autumn Sage 2-3' 1-2; Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Drought Tolerant Red and White
  Large, vibrant, bright-red flowers with small white eyes are beautiful in a sunny border or bed. Sturdy, long-blooming 2-3 ft. plants with scented small leaves, provide long-blooming performance. The drought- and heat-tolerant plants thrive in hot, dry conditions. Shear mid-season to keep plants tidy.  
salvia_brighteyes
Salvia chiapensis Chiapas Sage 2-4' 2-4' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate Magenta
  This herbaceous perennial can reach to 4 feet tall and wide. It has bright ivy-green glossy elliptical leaves that are 3 inches long by 1 1/2 wide. The plant has bright magenta flowers with green calyces and are borne in well-spaced whorls of 3 to 6 flowers. Plant in a well-drained soil rich with organic matter in full coastal sun to shade or part sun. It grows larger in the shade and does not like heavy, clayey soils.
salviachiapensis
 
Salvia clevlandii 'Winnifred Gilman' Blue Sage 4-5' 4-5' Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Blue Violet
  California Blue Sage has aromatic gray-green foliage and profuse golf ball-shaped clusters of electric blue-purple flowers. The flowers arise from dark ruby red calyces that form in whorls along the top foot of each reddish stem tip. Flowering beginss in late spring or early summer and continues for about a month. Plant in full sun in a well-drained soil. To keep a dense and more attractive plant, cut back in the late fall to early winter by about a third or more when young. The foliage of Blue Sage has a very nice fragrance that has been described as "clean, like a sweet desert morning" and the flowers to emit a pleasant aroma  
ca_blue_sage
Salvia x 'Dancing Dolls' Autumn Sage Dancing Dolls 2-3' 1-2' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate Pink
  This is an easy-to-grow, deer-resistant Salvia hybrid. The bush of woody stems is has small, green, fragrant foliage, andit is adorned from late April until frost with lovely light pink flowers, with a dark pink upper lip, and it is nestled in black calyces against black flowering stems. Hummingbirds love this plant! Good soil drainage is essential for this salvia.  
salvia_dancingdolls
Salvia x 'Ember's Wish' Ember's Wish Sage 3-4' 3' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate Coral
  This bright salvia is coral-colored and has tubular blossoms that contrast with the deep maroon stems, rusty rose calyxes, and mid-green foliage. In coastal areas Ember's Wish grows well in full sun. However, it appreciates a bit of shade in hotter climates. Ember's Wish is a floriferous plant that requires little to no deadheading of blossoms. Its combination of woody and soft herbaceous growth mark it as a subshrub.  
salvia_emberswish
Salvia Fire Dancer' PPAF Autumn Sage 2-3' 2-3' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Drought Tolerant Red
  Large, coral-colored flowers. Small-leaved foliage is nicely scented, sturdy and upright. Excellent, long-blooming garden performance. This hybrid is a bushy greggii (or x jamensis) type of moderate growth. It has typical small greggii-like leaves but is well distinguished by its masses of vivid blossoms in summer and fall. The flowers are large for a greggii and colored a vivid orange-red throughout..  
salvia_fire_dancer
Salvia gregglii 'Royal Bumble' Mountain Sage 4' 3' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate/Low Scarlet Red
  The stems and calyxes of this hybrid are almost black and form a contrast with its scarlet flowers and aromatic, glossy green leaves. Bloom time is spring to fall. The flowers are velvety and long-blooming. This fast-growing hybrid survives drought, but appreciates regular watering. It does particularly well in partial shade. It looks pretty in borders and does well in dry gardens. It is a colorful choice for native gardens.  
salvia_royal_bumble
Salvia microphylla 'Heatwave Blaze' Blaze Autumn Sage            
     
Salvia x 'Mesa Azure' Mountain Sage Mesa Azure 1 1/2-2' 1 1/2-2' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate Light Purple
  This hybrid of uncertain parentage, offers long blooming flowers ona compact stem. It grows large, light purple flowers from spring through fall. It prefers good drainage in full sun to light shade with moderate to occasional summer water. It attracts a wide array of pollinators and hummingbirds and is deer resistant.  
salvia_mesa_azure
Salvia microphyllia 'Hot Lips' Hot Lips Sage 3' 3' Full Sun to Part Shade Perennial Moderate/Low Red, White, or Red and White
  This plant is a show-stopper with unusual two-toned flowers. Hummingbirds and butterflies are attracted to the blooms that appear continuously through the hottest of summers until frost. It is an outstanding compact, carefree shrub for waterwise gardens that withstands mild drought once established.
salvia_hotlips
 
Salvia x xuperba 'May Night' May Night Sage 1 1/2-2' 1 1/2-2' Full Sun Perennial Moderate Indigo Blue
  Tall spikes of indigo blue flowers top compact mounds of soft, green foliage. Butterflies and hummingbirds love it! This showy perennial is excellent for mixed borders, flower beds and patio containers. Thrives in areas where spring and summer nights remain cool.  
salvia_may_night
Sedum x 'Firecracker' Sunsparker or Stonecrop 6-8" 6-8" Full Sun Perennial Drought Tolerant Bright Pink/Burgundy
  Brilliant burgundy-red sedum clusters all season long with soft pink flowers in late summer. It forms a low, compact mound of shiny, red foliage with large medium pink flowerheads late summer through fall. The plant is perfect in shallow containers or tucked into rockery or a green wall, where it will cascade. Excellent ground cover or accent for borders and rock gardens  
sedum_firecracker2
Tagetes tenuifolia 'Lemon Gem' Yellow Marigold 9-10" 4-6" Full Sun Annual Moderate Yellow
  Marigold 'Lemon Gem' is a hardy annual that grows well even in a hot summer with plentiful mounded plants from the end of June onwards. Marigolds flower in early summer to first frosts with a height of 9 inches. Plant in groups of 3 per foot to give the thick rounded appearance of a small flowering shrub. These uniform plants are covered with single, small blooms held slightly above the lacy foliage. Makes a nice annual blooming hedge along a house or walk, or in the garden.  
marigold_Yellow
Tagetes signata 'Red Gem' Red Marigold 9-10" 4-6" Full Sun Annual Moderate Red/Orange
  Plant Red Gem marigolds in groups of 3 per foot to give the thick rounded appearance of a small flowering shrub. Just under 1 foot tall, these uniform plants are covered with single, small blooms held slightly above the lacy foliage. Native to the Americas, marigolds are easy to grow and quick to begin flowering, making them popular as cut flowers and border plants. If deadheaded regularly, they'll bloom all summer long.  
marigold_red
Verbena lilacina 'De La Mina' Cedros Island Verbena 1 1/2-2' 2-3' Sun to Part Shade Perennial Drought Tolerant Light and Dark Purple
  Verbena lilacina 'De La Mina' is a California native. It is a tidy growing evergreen herbaceous subshrub with mid-green delicately dissected foliage and clusters of sweetly fragrant dark purple, star-shaped flowers with purple stamens. This plant can bloom most of the year with a peak in spring and summer and the flowers rise up on stalks 8 inches to hover above the foliage. The verbena works well as a container specimen or planted in dry borders mixed with other mediterranean climate plants and is great for attracting bees and butterflies to the garden.  
verbena_lilacina
Zinnia elegans or violacea Common Zinnia 1-3' 1-3' Full Sun Annual Moderate Yellow, Red, Purple, Pink, Mixed
  This tall annual has multi-colored blossoms up to 2 inches across all summer. They produce upright, long-stemmed blossoms in a range of forms (single, semi-double, and double), and they are prolific as cut flowers, in annual displays, in herb and cottage gardens, and in mixed borders. Provide fertile, well-drained soil with good air circulation. Deadhead spent blossoms to continue flowering.  
zinnia
Information Sources: UC Davis ArboretumPlant Collection Library--http://arboretum.ucdavis.edu/collections_database.aspx
Dave's Garden--http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/#b
USDA Plant Database--https://plants.usda.gov/java/
Annie's Annuals--https://www.anniesannuals.com
San Marcos Growers--http://www.smgrowers.com/plantindx.asp
Wikipedia—https://www.wikipedia.org
 
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